What Happens Inside a Static Mixer?
If you think using just a venturi injection system is good enough, think again. Venturi injectors do attain fairly good mass transfer, but using a static mixer can greatly improve your mass transfer efficiency. See the image below.
Close-up of Static Mixer Bubble Shearing Action!
(picture taken at 1 millisecond exposure time)
Notice how the bubbles are sheared into much smaller bubbles as they move from left to right resulting in significantly greater ozone mass transfer than using a venturi alone. Pipe size is 1-1/2" diameter.
What is a Static Mixer?
Static mixers are a series of geometric mixing elements fixed within a pipe, which use the energy of the flow stream to create mixing between two or more fluids or gases.
Static Mixer Facts:
- Target Water Velocity is 5-10 ft/sec: Low water velocity through the mixer results in poor bubble shearing; high water velocity results in higher pressure drop and does not significantly improve mass transfer efficiency
- Static mixers do not require any maintenance - no moving parts!
- Must be installed within 12 inch prior to a contact tank
Determining Velocity in a Static Mixer
V = (Q x 0.402)/D^2
[V = Q times 0.402 divided by the Diameter squared]
Q is flow rate in gallons per minute (gpm)
D is diameter in inches
V is the velocity in feet per minute (fpm)
For the MX-Series, optimum water velocity through the static mixer must be between 5-10 feet/second.